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Tuesday, January 18, 2011

玻璃市_Perlis






玻璃市 马来语 Perlis), 马来西亚最小的州。位于 马来半岛北部,以 泰国为邻。玻璃市的首府是 加央Kangar)。

玻璃市是马来西亚最小的一个州属,其面积只有 795 平方公里。它介于北部的泰国及南部的吉打之间。加央是玻璃市的首府,而亚娄则是其 "皇城"
绝大部分玻璃市的土地是充作农业用途,所以,它的四周景象有近乎零缺点的美感。如诗如画的稻田绵延十多公里,仅偶尔被露出地面的石灰石山丘所阻断。玻璃市在元月到四月处于旱季,九月到十二月则是雨季。

玻璃市的主要市镇包括:加央、亚娄、亚罗士打、加央港口及巴东勿刹。加央港口是进入著名旅游景点兰卡威的主要进出处,而巴东勿刹是旅客经陆路及铁路,由泰国进入马来西亚的主要窗口。

★历史=就历史上而言,玻璃市曾经是吉打王朝的一部分,并且其许多地方亦曾受泰国揭罗王朝所统治。 1821 年时,泰国占领了吉打,吉打苏丹被迫接受所有揭罗王朝所列出的条件。泰国将吉打于 1842 年归还给吉打苏丹时,苏丹只得献出玻璃市作为揭罗王朝的臣属州,以换回本身对于吉打的主权。 1909 年英国揭罗条约签署,泰国将玻璃市的主权转给英国,不过,在日本统治时期,玻璃市又回到英国的保护伞之下,一直到 1957 年马来西亚独立为止。

★经济=除了大量种植稻米及甘蔗外,玻璃市的土质也非常适合种植芒果和西瓜等水果。捕鱼业及伐木业亦是相当重要的经济活动,近来,中型制造业亦被引介进入本州。目前,在主要甘蔗种植区的朱宝,也已经有一间白糖提炼厂,而于武吉格帝里则建有一间水泥厂。

Perlis may be the smallest state in Malaysia, but it boasts a wealth of natural, cultural and historical splendours that rival the bigger states. You may be mesmerised by the many quaint villages, picturesque scenery and centuries- old traditions wherever you go. In short, Perlis is the perfect destination to head for if you prefer old world charm instead of the hustle and bustle of the city, where life is unhurried and the environment naturally fresh and crisp.

Perlis lies at the northwestern tip of the Malay Peninsula; bounded by Thailand in the north, and by Kedah to the east and south. Its western coastline borders the Straits of Melaka. It measures approximately 810 sq km and has a population of 217,480. The state capital is Kangar while Arau, 10km away, is the Royal town.

Places Visited
Gua Kelam

Gua Kelam, Kaki Bukit refers to the 370-metre long limestone cave at the small town of Kaki Bukit. Its name literally means "at a foothill (Kaki Bukit) lies a dark cave (Gua Kelam)". Access to the cave is by way of a suspension bridge. The uniqueness of approach, as well as the experience of walking along the bridge, make a visit to this place an intriguing and adventurous experience.

Padang Besar

Padang Besar is a bustling border town and is a blur of colours, sights and sounds. It is also a major stopover along the rail route between Singapore, Malaysia and Thailand. The elongated railway station is manned by Malaysian officials at one end and their Thai counterparts at the other. Padang Besar is a bargain hunter's paradise and boasts duty-free shops and a variety of produce, souvenirs and artifacts that bear testimony to the rich cultural legacy of the state.

Kuala Perlis

The largest town in Perlis, Kuala Perlis, is a fishing town located at the estuarine delta of the Perlis River. The town is 13km from Kangar. The population in Kuala Perlis is about 10,000 people. The major industry in this town is fishing. Along the riverbank you will see wooden houses resided by fishermen. Small shops and old warehouses can be found around this area as well.

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